NAT Loopback issues

This explanation involves complex networking knowledge, we need your assistance to improve its readability.

When you’re deploying RustDesk server on your home network or any other network environment that you will put your RustDesk server and your clients on the same LAN or behind the same router, you may notice you are unable to connect to your server through your Public IP or Domain (Which in theory points to your public IP).

More details about NAT Loopback, please check Wikipedia page.

Explain this in a simple way:

For example: Your router’s public IP is, the LAN IP of your server is and the domain you desire is Router port forwarding is set up to your server behind your LAN (NAT/router).

Your client and server are behind the same router, so when your LAN devices connect to First, it will query the domain IP, which will be, and connect to this IP. Then your router may just not know where this connection needs to go, and it will think this connection should go to the router itself, and your connection will fail.


There are three ways to solve this issue.

1. Set up NAT Loopback on your router

You could set up NAT Loopback on your router if you know how to, but setting this requires knowledge of networking. Some routers don’t have the ability to adjust this setting, so this is not the best option.

An article from MikroTik explains this very well. You could start learning from here.

2. Deploy a DNS server on your LAN

First, choose which you prefer, AdGuard Home or Pi-hole. You could deploy it through docker, or you could deploy on the same server as your RustDesk Server. The example below will show you some steps for this example.

Both of them are DNS based adblockers, but you could disable this functionality if you don’t want to block ads.

First, point your domain to your RustDesk server’s LAN IP (for example Then go to your router’s DHCP setting (Caution: NOT WAN) and set your First DNS IP to the server that you deployed AdGuard Home or Pi-hole. Secondary DNS could be your ISP’s DNS or other public DNS, e.g. for Cloudflare or for Google, and you’re done!

Here is an example:

AdGuard Home

Blocking ads may cause problems, if you don’t want to figure out the solution and want to disable this functionality, click “Disable protection” button.

Go to “DNS rewrites” setting.

Click “Add DNS rewrite”, than type your domain and server’s LAN IP in the field.

Here is the final result looks like.

Don’t forget to assign your AdGuard Home to your router’s LAN DHCP!


Blocking ads may cause problems, if you don’t want to figure out the solution and want to disable this functionality, click “Indefinitely” button within the “Disable Blocking” submenu.

Go to “Local DNS → DNS Records”. Type your domain and IP to the box, than click “Add”.

To check the final results, check the yellow lines in this picture.

Don’t forget to assign your Pi-hole to your router’s LAN DHCP!

3. Add rules to your hosts file

Only recommend this method when you have only few devices. If you have many devices, DNS method is more recommend.

Don’t use this method if your environment have laptops, because this laptop will not able to connect the server when outside your LAN.

Path for different OS:



Copy this file to Desktop and edit it. After you edited, copy back to original path.



You could use vim, it is pre-installed.

sudo vim /etc/hosts



You could use vim or nano.

sudo vim /etc/hosts

The format among three operating systems is same, all with IP first, than domain.

For example: